محمدحسین عنقاءِ احوالکاری

محمداعظم  

Abstract

Although M. Hussain Anqa is remembered as an eminent Baloch poet, political activist and historiographer, he was also a veteran journalist. In fact, he was one of the founders of the kind of journalism in Balochistan that widely reflected the explosive political landscape of the time. Even if journalism took roots in Balochistan with the arrival of the Great Britain in 1839, it was transformed from a predominantly   official tool of advertisement to serve local themes of political resistance and social empowerment by a handful of Baloch activist-journalists; Anqa was a prominent figure among them. Coming from a poor family, Anqa used every ounce of his energy to spread Balcoh demand for self-government and independence to every nook and corner of the British-Indian Empire. However, Anqa's journalistic adventures were not limited to political emancipation alone; they also aimed at preserving and promoting Balochi language and literature. For instance, his daily and weekly papers contained poems, stories and prose stuff of different hues and colours.

 Moreover, Anqa also translated and incorporated literatures of other regional   languages such as Urdu and Bengali in his weekly papers and monthly magazines with the singular am of spreading the themes of resistance developing in these regions against the unjust British rule these miscellaneous pickings included the works of the likes of Iqbal Tagore and other important thinkers and poets more importantly Anqa decisively transformed journalism and broadened its rule to highlight discuss and promoted the political, social and humanitarian concerns of the Baloch people. This was, of course, unacceptable to the oppressive colonial empire; therefore Anqa's publications faced undue curbs and bans. Nevertheless, he continued the good work. To sum, it was due to the indefatigable efforts of M. Hussain Anqa and some other important characters including Gul Khan Naseer, Ghous Bux Bizenjo, Yosuf Aziz Magsi not only an altogether new and empowering form of journalism flourished in Balochistan, but also the Balochi Language and literature were preserved unhurt from the ferocious Claws of colonial power that it was adamant to crush and destroy.

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